(1904 - 1989)
Spanish painter, graphic artist, filmmaker, writer.
A modern master of the surreal arts, Salvador Dali's works continually challenged convention by questioning the antithesis of surrealism: our normal sense of the "real."
Surrealism's objective was to make accessible to art the realms of the unconscious, irrational and imaginary. An expansive movement that extended beyond the canvas, Surrealism embraced literature, music, cinema, philosophy and popular culture. Dali's works drew inspiration from fellow Surrealists, such as Giorgio de Chirico, Max Ernst, Joan Miro...
In the early 1950’s Dali was commissioned by the Italian government to create illustrations of the text of Dante’s “Divine Comedy” to be published by La Libreria dello Stato in honor of the upcoming septocentennial of the poet’s birth. There was, of course, negative feedback from Italians who thought it distasteful to have a Spanish artist and an irreverent Surrealist at that, be hired to illustrate what was widely considered to be the greatest and most respected epic poem in their nation’s history.